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Malta History

Malta

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Malta history is a very long and interesting one. Malta has been populated with inhabitants for more then seven thousand years. The first chapter of Malta history was written in the Neolithic period. Artefacts of the first inhabitants can still be found on Malta. Prime examples of this period in Malta history are the big temples made out of stone which can Malta Historybe found at Hagar Qim, Gozo and a number of other locations on Malta.

According to Malta history a number of these stone Maltese temples were build nearly a millennium prior to the Egyptian period and this would suggest that these stone temples in Malta are the oldest monuments which are freestanding in the world.

An important chapter in Maltese history started with the arrival St Paul. The famous biblical figure St. Paul came to Malta due to his ship getting wrecked and he first set foot on Malta at the beautiful location of what it know called St. Paul's bay. St Paul spread Christianity throughout Malta which at the time has a mostly pagan population and the vast majority of Malta inhabitants have remained Christian since the days that St Paul walked the streets of Malta. 

Arab Invasion of Malta

The Arabs also play an important part in the history of Malta. The Arabs occupied Malta around eight hundred seventy years AD and remained under Arab control for the next 220 years. The language that is spoken on Malta, Maltese, was formed during this period of Arab occupation. The Arab occupation ended when Norman Sicilians removed the Arabs from power and Christianity returned in full strength. The Norman Sicilians remained in power on Malta until the year 1530 AD.

Knights of Malta

The Knights of Malta came to power after the removal of the Normal Sicilians from power and yet another great chapter in Malta history started. The Knights of Malta are credited for greatly improving the lives of people on Malta. Schools and hospitals were build on Malta by the famous Maltese knights and they created a thriving trading environment.

Bloody Ottomans
 
The Ottomans play a short but bloody part in Malta history. Suleiman wanted to see the Knights of Malta removed from power in 1565 and there for he ordered his navy to Malta so that they would drive out the Knights of Malta.  Nearly 50,000 Ottomans arrived at Malta and they captured control over the Maltese landscape.

The forces of the Knights of Malta would not however be run over by the Ottomans and they fought bravely against the invaders with great strength. Around 30.000 Ottomans lost their lived in these months and although they outnumbers the Knights of Malta greatly, they were forced to accept defeat and withdrew their forces and an end came to this bloody time in Maltese history.. 

During a period in Malta of two hundred sixty eight years the Knights of St John were the rulers of Malta. Napoleon proved to be a tougher opponent then the Ottomans as he was able to conquer Malta. Napoleon did bring some positive aspects to Malta as he got rid of Maltese slavery and he set up an excellent educational program. 

The Maltese asked the British for help and Nelson and the British navy assisted Maltese forces to remove French forces from power in 1800. The British ruled Malta for the next one hundred and sixty year and finally in 1964 Malta regained independence after long periods in Malta history of foreign rulership.

 

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